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SSD and non-mosaic Down syndrome

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Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that arises due to the presence of an extra copy of Chromosome 21. According to the Mayo Clinic, this disorder can affect mental and physical development, causing low muscle tone, mild intellectual disability and health complications. In "mosaic" cases, an extra chromosome is not present in every cell, and the associated symptoms are less severe. However, about 95 percent of people who live with Down syndrome have non-mosaic Down syndrome.

People who have non-mosaic Down syndrome may require special education, medical attention and general care. Fortunately, Social Security Disability benefits may be available to these individuals. Social Security automatically considers non-mosaic Down syndrome disabling. As a lawyer could explain, people who live with this condition in Tennessee may receive disability benefits if they meet evidence standards and financial requirements.

Documenting Down syndrome

Social Security accepts several forms of medical evidence to prove a child or adult has non-mosaic Down syndrome. These include:

  • A karyotype analysis. A physician must sign the analysis or write a note confirming that the individual has Down syndrome.
  • A physician's statement that the person has an extra copy of Chromosome 21. The statement also must describe the presence of physical characteristics of Down syndrome.
  • A physician's statement that the individual has Down syndrome. This report should describe physical characteristics and behavioral evidence that indicate the person has non-mosaic Down syndrome.

People who can't satisfy these evidence requirements may still receive benefits, as a Tennessee disability lawyer could explain. Social Security may decide an adult can't reasonably work due to Down syndrome. Similarly, Social Security may conclude a child suffers from marked functional restrictions and qualifies as disabled. However, to receive SSD benefits, these children and adults must also meet financial requirements.

SSD eligibility

Children with non-mosaic Down syndrome may qualify for SSD benefits in various ways. Children whose families have low income may be eligible for Supplemental Security Income benefits, which are awarded based on financial need. Children with parents who receive Social Security Disability Insurance benefits might be eligible for dependent benefits.

Adults may also receive benefits through various routes. SSI benefits may be available to adults with low income, and adults who have worked enough may receive SSDI benefits. Since adults with Down syndrome became disabled before age 18, they may also qualify for "adult child's" benefits. Like dependent benefits, these are awarded based on the record of a parent who qualifies for SSDI benefits.

Although Social Security recognizes non-mosaic Down syndrome as disabling, securing SSD benefits for this condition can still be challenging. The assistance of a lawyer may be beneficial for people in Tennessee who are pursuing disability benefits for Down syndrome.

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